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REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIER
Robert Kilpatrick is buried in Hopewell Cemetery, Chester County, SC. He was a colorful character, very definitely a "Fighting Irishman". He was forced to flee from his native Ireland on account of a rebellion into which he and others had entered against the King's officers. He came to America before the Revolutionary War, sometime between 1765 and 1775. He had intended to landed elsewhere but instead landed at Charleston, SC, because of a storm at sea. He settled in Fairfield County, SC., at the headwaters of Wateree Creek. Later he lived on the road from Chesterville (modern Chester, S.C.) to Winsboro near Hopewell ARP Church.
Another version of his arrival in states that he was a passenger on the ship "Earl on Donnegal" and was accompanied by his parents. This version if correct would mean that his age at the time of death was off by about 10 years making him 95 at the time of his death.
Robert Kilpatrick fought in the Revolutionary War. He was first a Private and then a Sergeant in the SC Militia. He went on various campaigns in South Carolina and on one occasion to St. Augustine, FL. He was pensioned for his service. His pension file is included below and makes for an interesting, historically accurate and personal glimpse of the American Revolution. A number of family members have filed for membership in the DAR based on his service. His pension claim is on file in the National Archives in Washington, D.C., it is pension number S7112. A number of DAR files exist including: DAR NAT. #677907 filed by Mrs. Mark Edward Kellogg (Diana Lathan), and DAR NAT. #690663 Mrs. Blackstrom Burnside Neeley (Adrienne Lathan).
His Will is included in a file in the DAR Library in Washington, DC. It was signed December 19, 1819. It was recorded November 26, 1840 in Fairfield County, SC. Probate Court Will Book 19, pp.16-18, Apt #72, File #21.
Revolutionary War Pension Hearing
District of Fairfield
On this eighteenth day
of March in the Year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty four,
personally appeared in this Court, before John R. Buchanan Judge of the Court
of Ordinary for Fairfield District aforesaid, now sitting Robert Killpatrick,
a resident of Fairfield District aforesaid in the State aforesaid, aged ninety
five years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on. his oath
make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of
Congress passed June 7th 1832, Defendent was born in the County of Antrim
and being once of Ireland, but does not recollect the year in which he was
bom. He has no record of his age. His age was recorded in Balluckey Meeting
House, where defendent was christened, and was also recorded in a Bible of
Defendent, which he brought to the Country, which Bible was used by defendents
children at school and was destroyed by time and use.
Defendent from all the recollecting he has, and from a comparison of ages with those persons he knows, whose ages are near that of his own, is now fully ninety five years of age, and may be some year or two more. Defendent was living on Rockey Creek in Chester District So. Co. when he was Called into service, and was drafted whenever he was in service on regular tours of duty Defendent never received a discharge in writing from any Officer, whenever the edict came, the Captain gave verbal orders that the Company was then discharged.
1st Tour. Defendent entered the service of the United States, under Captain John Nixson. Defendent then living in Chester District, was drafted. Captain John Nixson commanded th Company. Alexd. Adams first Lieutenant, Capt. Alexander Turner and company were along. Lieutenant Colonel Winn was the Colonel who commanded the Regiment to which Defendent and company was attached. The Company met at Lus----iad in Chester District. Marched through Fairfield District and on to Charleston So. Ca. A great number of Troops were collected in Charleston from different parts of South Carolina and some from North Carolina. They were intended to protect Charleston. There were no British Troops in Charleston at this time. There were some U.S. regulars in Charleston Defendent does not now recollect the names of the General Officers commanding the Militia or Regulars, nor does he now recollect the year of this Service, it was about the commencement of the Revolutionary War in South Carolina. Defendent served as a Private Soldier this tour two and half months, was in no battles and whilst in Charleston was lodged in houses which were used as Barracks by the Army.
2nd Tour. The Defendent remained at home after his first tour about two months and was again Drafted on a second tour. Capt. John Nixon commanded the Company this tour also, and Alex. Avary(?) was the first Lieutenant and Col. Edward Lacy commanded the Regiment. There were a number of other troops called up. This tour was also to Charleston to defend the city. Believes there were some U.S. regulars in Charleston at this time as well as the first, but does not recollect the names of the Commanding Officers. Remained in Charleston during this tour and was lodged in houses employed as Barracks. Had no battles. Defendent served as a private soldier this tour two and half months.
3rd Tour. The defendandt was again drafted after remaining at home after his second tour about two months. Defendant was under Captain Alexander Turner this tour. Alexander Bowie was his first Lieutenant. Edward Lacy was his Colonel. ________ ________was the ________. This tour was also to Charleston. There were a great number of troops, Militia and Regulars in Charleston during this time. General Lee of the Regular Troops Commanded the whole Army. The Troops were principally in Charleston, Gen. Moultere Commanded. The fort on Sullivans Island was attacked by Sir Peter Parker and his fleet. Defendent was in Charleston during the battle and was on duty in guarding the Town. Defendent served in this tour and as a private soldier two and half months.
4th Tour. Defendent served his next tour in the Florida Expedition. Was drafted and served under Alexd. Adams first Lieutenant in Captain Nixon's Company. Capt. Nixon did not serve this tour. Col John Winn of Fairfield District commanded the Regiment. The troops were marched on to St. Marys River. Genl. Williamson commanded the Militia. A body of Regulars were encamped on the St. Marys near the Militia. Does not Recollect the names of the Regular Officers. The army was encamped beyond the St. Marys. The expedition was intended to protect the frontier settlements against ==========(lined out in original) the British from St. Augustine. After encamping at the St. Marys for some considerable time and after a Council of War of Ten Days the Army was discharged. The defendent served in this tour as Serqeant for six months having left home on the first of March and returned home on the last of August.
5th Tour. The fifth tour Defendent returned to Charleston. This tour was finished only a few months before Charleston was taken by the enemy in the year 1780. Capt. Atexd. Turner commanded the Company. Alexd. Bowie first Lieutenant. Col. John Winn Commanded the Regiment. Col. Edward Lacy was also out Commanding a regiment. Some regulars were in Charleston. Does not recolect the names of higher officers, an attack of the Forte was expected. Defendent served as a Sergeant this tour two and half months.
6th Tour. Defendent served his sixth tour to Orangeburgh, So.Co. Capt. Alexd. Turner commanded the Company, Alexd. Bowie 1st Lieut. John Winn Colonel. About three hundred men encamped at Orangeburgh. They were designed to protect the upper Country from the British at Charleston; Defendent served one month this tour as a Sergeant. Colonel Lacy was there, does not recolect and other Col. excepting Hill from York.
7 (Tour) Defendent served an other tour to Orangeburgh nine months, four months of which he served as a sergeant and five months as a private soldier. In this tour he served always under Captain Alexd. Turner, and generally Under John Winn as Colonel some two or three months he served under Col. Edward Lacy. There were no regulars at Orangeburgh and Col. John Winn was the Regt Colonel and generally had the command. This tour of duty to Orangeburgh was all after the fall of Charleston in 1780, but defendent does not now recollect the exact dates of any tour, but has a good recollection of the length of time he served.
8 (Tour) Defendent served
an other tour of duty to Edisto, So. Ca. under Lieut. Bowie one month as a
private soldier after the fail of Charleston and in numbers of skirmishes
with the Tories. In this tour to Edisto part of three companies were out.
In one of these tours of duty to Orangeburgh defendent was in an engagement
with five hundred Tories. The Tories were defeated and fled to the Edisto
On another occasion owing the night the Tories attempted to set fire to Orangeburgh but were once again repulsed and ran to the swamps.
Comments of the Judge
Defendent from his great age and great life of memory, and from having lectured no notes or maintained any at the time does not at this late period recollect the years his duty of, the different tours of duty he performed, nor does he recollect distinctly the different tours he performed to Orangeburgh but he does recollect that he served the time he has stated, that he served in a regularly organized corp, called out by competent authority and that during the time he was in service he was engaged in no civil business whatever but was wholly engaged in his military duty, and he deserves a pension from the United States for thirteen and half months service as Sergeant and ten and half months as a private making twenty four months service; having served in all as above stated thirteen & half months as Sergeant and thirteen and half months as private. Defendent refers to John Brown of Chester District, Revd. Wm. Joiner of Fairfield District, James Graham of Chester District who can testify as to Defendents actual service and to Samuel Banks again and Andrew McCluskin and Robert G. Cammeron. John L. Y and John and William Bulger, John Cook all of Fairfield who can testify as to Defendents character, for acuracy and as to their belief of Defendents services as a soldier of the Revolution.
He hereby relinquishes any claim whatever to a permanent annuity except the present and declares that his name is not in the journal roll of the angency of any state. Given to and Subscribed the day and year aforesaid
Ordinary of F.D.
I, William Joiner, a Clergyman of the Baptist denomination residing in the District of Fairfield aforesaid do herby testify that I have been acquainted with Robert Killpatrick who has executed and sworn to the above declaration for sixty years and the greater part of that time was a near neighbor and intimately aquainted and I believe him to be about ninety five years of age, that defendent will be ninty five years of age on the third of April next and served the whole of the fourth tour mentioned by said Killpatrick known as the Florida tour with said Killpatrick and know he to served the whole of that tour and that the circumtances mention are correct. That said Killpatrick is a man of quality(?hard to read) and has submitted a good declaration is a registered citizen and that he is respected and he lived in the neighborhood when he claims to have been a soldier of the Revolution and I know the fact to be true.
John R. Buchanan
Ordinary of F.D. (signed Wm Joiner)
I John Brown of Chester District So. Co. herby certify that I have been well acquainted with Robert Killpatrick who has subscribed and sworn to the above Declaration, that I believe him to be Ninety five years of age, that I am near eighty years of age and served with said Killpatrick in two of the tours of duty mentioned in his Declative to Charleston before the fall of Charleston, that he gave a true statement as to these two tours, and I believe and have no doubts that he gave a true statement throughout, that he is a man of truth and has always become that character; that he is respected and believed in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the revolution, and that I know the belief to be true.
Sworn and Subscribed this day
and year aforesaid his
(signed John R. Buchanan)
Ordinary of F.D. John X Brown
(Mark-Stamp of the Court)
I, James Graham, residing in Chester District So. Carolina herby testify that I have been well acquainted with Robert killpatrick who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration, that I believe him to be ninety five years of age or more; that I am seventy three years of age and have know him, Killpatrick, since before the Revolutionary war. That I served with him in one of the tours mentioned to _____________________ the last, and know and heard of his being frequently out in service, and believe the statement he has made, That he is a man of truth and so refuted and asteemed and of excellent character, that he is respected and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the revolution, and I honour the belief to be true. Sworn to & Subscribed this
day and year aforesaid (signed James Graham)
John R. Buchanan
Ordinary of F.D.
We Samuel Banks, Andrew McCluskin and Robert G Cameron residing in Fairfield District hereby testify that we are well acquainted with Robert Killpatrick who has subscribed and sworn to be a true declaration, that we believe him to be ninety five years of age; that he is respected and believed in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the revolution and that we concur in that opinion.
day and year aforesaid (signed)
John R. Buchanan (James Banks )
Ordinary of F.D. (Andrew McCluskin )
(Robt. G. Cameron )
said Court do herby declare their opinion after the investagation of the
matter, and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War Department, that the aboved named applicant was a revoluntionary soldier and served as he states, and the Court further certifies that it appears to them that William Joiner who has signed the preceeding certificate is a clergyman resident in Fairfield District, and that John Brown and James Graham resides of Chester District, and Samuel Banks, Andrew McCluskin and Robt. G. Cameron residents of Fairfield District who have also signed the above certificate ________ a ________ to court.
______________________ the said Court do hereby further Certify that the foregoing
contains in three sheet the original proceedings of the said court in the matter of the
application of Robert Killpatrick for a pension.
In testimoney where of causes hereunto set my hand and seal of Office this eighteenth day of March A.D. 1834.
John R. Buchanan
Ordinary of F.D.)
Transcriber's Note: This typed and readable copy of Robert Kilpatrick's pension hearing was made from two photo copies of the original. These copies were from microfilm. This along with the age of the original paper and ink made for difficult reading. Some errors surely exist and some words could not be made out. One possible conflict with historical records exists. The Gen. Williamson mentioned in this document is referred to in, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, Col. Mark Boatner, III, U.S.A. (Ret); David McKay Company, Inc.; New York, N. Y; pp. 1033-1034, as Colonel Williamson. This article along with, Charleston Expedition of Clinton in 1776, pp. 197-205, Charleston Expedition of Clinton in 1780, pp. 205-214 and Orangeburg, S.C., pp.817-818 will help greatly in understanding this man's service to the Republic. Also of possible interest is a very brief article, Florida Rangers, Dictionary of American History; Vol. III, p.42, Charles Scribner's Son; New York, New York. These and other accounts of this man's life both before Revolution, while still in Ireland, and during the Revolution are held by, William C. Lathan, Jr., the owner of this website. Individuals wanting more information should contact William C. Lathan, Jr through Email at the address listed on the Contacts and Credits page of this website.
Bradley David Lathan, helped read the photo copies.
Sources: Pension records held by the NARA in Washington, D.C., records of Leila Welch (see contact page), Rootsweb listing of Immigrant Ships from Ireland and the records of R. Kirk Kilpatrick, M. Div., PHD.
The Will of Robert Kilpatrick
(from a transcript)
In the Name of God Amen.
I Robert Killpatrick of the - State of South Carolina & district of Fairfield being in a good State of Health & of Sound & disposing Mind & Memory Calling to mind the Uncertainty of life & being desirous to dispose of all such worldly Estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with do make & ordain this my last will & Testament in manner & form following VIZ.
I desire that immediately after my decease all my property be Sold to the best advantage with the exception of Such as is Hereinafter Named, & out of Money arising therefrom, & the debts due me, I wish all my lawful debts, & funeral expenses to be paid, & the Residue, Together with all my other property, I wish disposed of in the Manner & form following VIZ.
I leave & bequeath to my daughter Jennet Craig. Wife of James Craig one dollar.
I leave and bequeath to my daughter Sarah Patterson the wife of Robert Patterson the Sum of one dollar.
I leave & bequeath to my Son Thomas Killpatrick the Sum of one dollar.
I Leave & bequeath to my daughter Hanna Neal the wife of Benjamin Neal the Sum of one dollar.
I Leave & bequeath to my Son Robert Killpatrick the Sum of one dollar.
I Leave & bequeath to my daughter Nancy Elder the wife of James Elder the Sum of one dollar.
I Leave and bequeath to my Grand Son Robert Killpatrick the Son of My Son Thos. Killpatrick all the Tract of Land whereon I now live Containing on Hundred & Seventy Six acres more or less bounding on Lands of Jno. L. Yongue, Jno. Simonton, Alexr. Huffman & Alexr. Dickey Sr. also my Negro woman Named Kate all to be freely possessed & enjoyed by him & his Heirs forever.
I Leave & bequeath to my Great Grand Son Thomas Elkin Killpatrick Son of my Grand Son John Killpatrick the Sum of fifty dollars to be freely possessed & enjoyed by him & his Heirs forever Said Sum of fifty dollars I allow to be put out for interest for his use & should He die before he arrives to year of Maturity I allow the Said Sum of fifty dollars Together with the - interest it may then Have brought to go to his next Child. Should He Have any of Not then to be freely possessed & enjoyed by my Grandson Jno. Killpatrick his Heirs & assigns forever, The balance of the Money that may be left from the proceeds of the property sold as aforesaid Together with the debts due me (after paying the legacies aforesaid) Together with the my own Lawful Debts & funeral expenses I leave & bequeath to my said Grandson Rob. Killpatrick son of my Son Thos. Killpatrick which said Sum I allow to be applied to the payment of his schooling & clothing & to be Retained in the hands of my Executor & to be applied by him as he may deem necessary & proper.
All my books I allow to be amongst my Children at the discretion of my Executor hereinafter Named.
And Lastly I do hereby Constitute & appoint my Son Thomas Killpatrick My Sole Executor of this my last will & testament hereby Revoking all other former wills & Testaments that may have been by me heretofore made In Testimony whereof I hav hereunto, Set my hand & affiexed my Seal this Nineteenth day of December in the Year of our Lord one Thousand Eight Hundred & Nineteen.
published & declared
as & for the last will & Testament of the
above named Robt. Killpatrick ( Seal)
in the presence of us Proved
Recorded Nov. 26, 1840
Jno. L. Yongue In will book #19
Sam McKeown Page # 16 - 18
Thos. Hanna Apt # 72 File # 21
Source of Will: A transcribed copy of his will sent to me by Rev. Robert Killpatrick of Memphis, TN